Use UN before masculine words and UNA before feminine words to say A/AN

 

A cat = Un gato

A house = Una casa.

An orange juice please = Un zumo de naranja por favor

A lemonade please = Una limonada por favor

 

ensalada

vaso

helado

café

cerveza

copa de vino

pizza

hamburguesa

bocadillo

 

restaurante

bar

supermercado

cafetería

puerto

ciudad

jardín

mujer

habitación

niño

Decide whether you should say UN or UNA before each word depending on whether that word is masculine or feminine. Hover the cursor above each tab to check your answer

Use UNOS before masculine words and UNAS before feminine words to say SOME

 

Some cats = Unos gatos

Some houses = Unas casas

Be careful! In English we also use the word SOME before singular words like milk, rice, cheese. In Spanish, there is no word to say SOME before a singular word. Look a these examples:

 

Some milk = leche

Some pizza = pizza

Some rice = arroz

 

galletas

queso

restaurantes

escuelas

estudiantes

bares

arroz

pizzas

niños

playas

 

zapatos

naranjas

patatas

cafeterías

leche

pasteles

flores

paquetes

sellos

pasta

Decide whether you should say UNOS / UNAS or nothing before each word depending on whether that word is masculine or feminine / singular or plural. Hover the cursor above each tab to check your answer

PUTTING IT INTO CONTEXT

 

Quisiera                             bocadillo por favor                                           patatas fritas

                                          pizza

                                          hamburguesa

                                          perrito caliente

                                          calamares

                                          gambas

                                          cerveza

                                          churros

                                          botella de agua

You are sitting in un restaurante by the sea in España and feeling very hungry indeed. Un camarero (waiter) comes over and asks: ¿Qué desea? (What would you like?). Ask for all of the following things using UN/UNA if you are asking for one thing or UNOS/UNAS if you are asking for more than one thing. You can say optionally: quisiera (I would like) and por favor if you want to be polite.

 

Necesito                            melón                                           agua

                                          botella de vino

                                          naranjas

                                          galletas

                                          jamón

                                          leche

                                          pasteles

                                          manzanas

                                          mayonesa

You are staying in a salf catering appartment in España and the cupboards & fridge are empty. You decide to go to the supermercado to buy some comida (food) and bebida (drink) . What things do you need to buy? Practice saying necesito... (I need...) and decide if you need to say UN/UNA/UNOS/UNAS/-

 

          En mi hotel hay                            restaurante                                  

                                                              piscina

                                                              bar

                                                              sauna

                                                              gimnasio

                                                              recepción

                                                              discoteca

                                                              tienda

                                                              cafetería

                                                              Internet

You are talking to a friend on the phone about your hotel. Tell your amigo what there is  at the hotel by using the word: hay (There is/there are) and choosing UN/UNA/-

The Spanish do not usually say UN/UNA/UNOS/UNAS in short negative statements. Compare the positive and negative statements below.

 

Tengo un gato = I have a cat

No tengo gato = I don't have a cat (UN is left out)

Hay una piscina = There is a swimming pool

No hay piscina = There isn't a swimming pool

I have some shoes = Tengo unos zapatos

I don't have any shows = No tengo zapatos

 

Tengo                                 cama (bed)

No tengo                            televisión

No tengo                            toalla (towel)

Tengo                                 lámpara

Hay                                    ducha (shower)

Hay                                    balcón

No hay                               jabón

No tengo                            secador (hair dryer)

Tengo                                 zapatillas (slippers)

No hay                               aire acondicionado

Your habitación at the hotel is very basic. You decide to go down to speak with the recepcionista and you tell her what things you have and do not have in your room.

Decide whether to use UN/UNAS/UNOS/UNAS or -

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